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WWI

These collections contains any material relating to Canada from 1914 to 1918 from either the home front or the battlefront. External links in collection descriptions are either to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada or casualty and burial information at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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Shorey Johnson Neville was born in Cottonwood, Saskatchewan in September, 1888. Neville enlisted at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan in May, 1916 and then served overseas in France until he was injured and sent to England. Due to his injuries he remained in England with the Khaki University until demobilization, at which time he returned to Canada. The collection consists of ten letters written from 1916 to 1917.

This collection includes letters from area soldiers published in The Speaker, as well as other articles from that paper pertaining to local soldiers and activities in the town. Overall the collection provides an excellent sense of the connection that a small town in Ontario had to World War One through the pages of its local paper. Whenever possible we have linked the names of individuals appearing in the paper with their attestation papers and/or their commemoration through the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
The Canadian Letters and Images Project is indebted to Dion Loach for graciously sharing his research.

Peter Newman was born in Leyton, England in 1895 and emigrated to Toronto, Canada in 1913. He enlisted in September, 1914 and served overseas in France and Belgium. Lance Corporal Newman was killed on June 6, 1916. As he has no known grave his name is listed on the Menin Gate, a memorial listing more than 58,000 individuals who died on the Ypres Salient and whose bodies were never found. The collection consists of five letters home from Newman, seveal letters of condolence following his death, photographs, postcards, a songbook, and other miscellaneous items.

John Newton was born in Limehouse, Ontario in 1887. He attended The University of Toronto where he was the captain of the University of Toronto football team that won the first Grey Cup in 1909 and then coached the Toronto Argonauts for three years prior to the war. Newton enlisted in May, 1916 and served overseas with the Canadian Field Artillery until the end of the war. He was awarded the Military Cross for actions on September 30, 1918. The collection consists of two letters to his wife, several photographs, and his diary from 1916 to 1918.

Ewen Nicholson was born in Grimsay, Scotland in May, 1892, and emigrated to Saskatchewan, Canada in 1912. Nicholson enlisted in September of 1914, and served overseas in Belgium and France in 1915 and 1916. He was killed June 3, 1916. The collection currently consists of more than forty letters.

Fred Nickle studied medicine at The University of Toronto and joined the British Navy to serve as a Surgeon Probationer. He served in England and at the end of the war returned to Madoc, Ontario where he practised medicine. The collection consists of eight letters written between 1918 and 1919 to his cousin Helen Davis. Other correspondents to Davis include the Daniel Austin Lane collection, the Gordon Shrum collection, and the William Grassie collection.

This collection consists of three letters from the North Shore Archives, Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia, dated between December 1916 and November 11, 1918.

Francis Joseph O'Keefe was born in August, 1892 in Okanagan, British Columbia.  O'Keefe enlisted with the 172nd Battalion in Kamloops, British Columbia in February, 1916, but died on March 21, 1916 of pneumonia while training in Kamloops.  He was buried at the O'Keefe Ranch cemetery, on the family ranch in Vernon, British Columbia.  The collection currently consists of one postcard and one photograph.

Thomas Leo O'Keefe was born in Okanagan, British Columbia in January, 1889.  At the time of his enlistment in Victoria, British Columbia in February, 1915 he was a law student.  O'Keefe served overseas with the 7th Canadian Cavalry as an ambulance driver until he was discharged in the spring of 1918 on compassionate grounds.  The collection currently consists of his discharge certificate and two photographs.

Lance Corporal John C. Oxborough was born in India in 1889, moved to England in the mid-1890s, and then emigrated to Canada sometime after 1901. Both John and his brother William enlisted in January, 1915 in Calgary and later served with the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles (British Columbia Regiment). John was killed October 31, 1917. The collection consists of two letters, one postcard, and several photographs.

Charles William Parker was born in Scarborough, England in June, 1896. He emigrated with his family to Vancouver Island in 1910. Parker enlisted in February, 1915 and served overseas with the 14th Battalion until his death on September 7, 1916. The collection currently consists of one letter, two photographs, and two miscellaneous items.

James John Parker was born in Belfast, Ireland in January, 1894. He emigrated to Canada, and enlisted with the 92nd Battalion in August, 1915 in Toronto, Ontario. The collection currently consists of images of his paybook, two photographs, and his certification as an Air Raid Warden during the Second World War.

William John Parker was born in Birmingham, England in August, 1878. Prior to the war he emigrated to Canada where he worked as a plumber. Parker enlisted in July, 1915 in Guelph, Ontario and served overseas with the 34th Battalion. The collection currently consists of two letters written while at Bramshott.

William Pash was born in London, England in January, 1889.  Sometime prior to the war he immigrated to Brantford, Ontario where he worked as a baker.  Pash enlisted in Brantford, Ontario with the 125th Battalion and served overseas.  The collection currently consists of twenty one postcards.

Lola Passmore was born in 1899 and lived in Peel County, Ontario near the village of Huttonville. Around 1916 she and her family moved into the city of Toronto. The collection consists of twenty-two letters from her male friends from Huttonville written to her during the war. The largest portion (15 letters) is from George Henry Tripp, who was killed May 5, 1917. As well there are letters from John (Jack) Booker and his brother Alex Booker, one from George Edward Manners, and one from her uncle, Dr. James Fraser, a Major who served with the Ambulance Corps.

William Paterson was born in Leith, Scotland in April, 1893. Paterson emigrated to Canada prior to the war, and enlisted in Calgary, Alberta in November, 1914. He served overseas as a signaller with the 31st Battalion until he returned to Canada at the end of the war. The collection currently consists of six photographs and one postcard.

Reginald John Paul was born on December 14, 1895 in Burin, Newfoundland. He enlisted on December 21, 1914 and served with the Royal Newfoundland Regiment. Paul served both at Gallipoli and on the Somme and was killed on the first day of the Somme, July 1, 1916. The collection consists of two letters from the chaplain to his family, and one photograph.

Robert Rollo Paul was born in Lavant, Ontario in April 1888. Paul enlisted in October, 1914 in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. He served overseas with the 28th Battalion and returned home to Canada at the end of the war. The collection currently consists of a memoir recounting his escape from a Prisoner of War Camp.

Frederick George Pearson was born in Lancashire, England in September, 1894. He emigrated to Canada in 1909 and settled in the Red Deer District. Pearson enlisted in Calgary in July, 1916 and served overseas with the 10th Battalion. The collection currently consists of his diary from 1917.

Vaughan Whitier Pearson was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1898 and was a student at The University of Toronto when he enlisted in April, 1916. He served overseas in France until the end of the war. Vaughan Pearson was the third of three sons to serve overseas, following his brothers Marmaduke and Lester, a future Prime Minister of Canada. The collection consists of six letters from Vaughan, a post card, a Christmas card, a newspaper clipping, and one photograph.

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Latest Readings from World War One collections

James Moore

Reads a 09/21/1916 Letter by Drader, Eugene Robert from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/06/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/05/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter