The two letters in the collection were originally published in a Charlottetown newspaper in late 1916 and the clippings were part of a scrapbook kept by one of the residents of the city during the war. Few details are known about either the individuals in the letters or the circumstances of publication. The Cudmore letter was from John Richard Cudmore, born on Prince Edward Island in May, 1898. Cudmore enlisted in March, 1916 in Summerside, Prince Edward Island. Herbert H. King enlisted and served with the Newfoundland regiment. Both soldiers appear to have survived the war. If anyone can provide any further information about these letters, please contact The Canadian Letters and Images Project.
Samuel Giles McNeil was born in Townsville, Queensland, Australia in June, 1895. He emigrated to Canada sometime prior to the war and enlisted in April, 1915 in New Westminster, British Columbia. He served overseas, returned to Canada at the end of the war and died in Nanaimo, British Columbia in 1954. The collection currently consists of two postcards sent to the parents of Frederick Henry Smith.
Hadden William Ellis was born in Dundas County, Ontario in March, 1894. He moved with his family to Weno, Alberta and was a student at the time of his enlistment in Calgary, Alberta in April, 1916. Ellis served overseas with the Canadian Light Horse and was killed in action September 24, 1917. The collection currently consists of more than two dozen letters, miscellaneous documents, and six photographs.
Alexander Decoteau was born on the Cree Red Pheasant Indian Reserve near Battleford, Saskatchewan in November, 1887. He later moved to Edmonton, Alberta where he worked as a police officer and was champion distance runner. Decoteau also competed in the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. He enlisted in Edmonton in April, 1916. Decoteau served overseas in France and Belgium, and died during the Battle of Passchendaele on October 30, 1917. The collection consists of four letters written by Decoteau.
Francis (Frank) Michael Scandiffio was born on December 24, 1913 and served as a Pilot Officer with the Royal Canadian Air Force during the war. Frank was killed on July 15, 1944. The collection consists of twenty-nine letters written home by Tom as well as official correspondence relating to his death. See also the correspondence of his brother Thomas.
Robert Shortreed was born in Guelph, Ontario, on 26 January 1891. A salesman, he enlisted with the 64th Depot Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, in Guelph on 6 November 1916, transferring to the 12th Canadian Siege Battery after arriving in England. The collections consists of letters written to his parents and sisters Elizabeth, Evelyn, and Isabel (Bell), and covers his early training in Canada to his return to England to await return home.
Ralph Tilburt was born in Michigan in 1893 and emigrated to Canada in 1907. He enlisted in 1917 at Sussex, New Brunswick, served overseas, and returned to Canada after his discharge in the spring of 1919. The collection consists of one letter and one photograph.
William Austin Cauthers was born in March, 1925, the son of William and Margaret Cauthers of Mansfield, Ontario. Cauthers served as a Pilot Officer with the 407 Sqdn. of the R.C.A.F. He and his crew went missing when their Wellington MK IV failed to return on a mission over the English Channel on June 22, 1944. The collection currently consists of fifteen letters and three photographs.
Clifford Henry Callcott was born in August, 1916 and served overseas with the RCAF as a mechanic from 1943 to 1945. The collection consists of nine letters, photographs, cards, and miscellaneous items. Callcott died in 1969.
George Elliot Creswell was born in Saskatchewan in 1924. He enlisted in the RCAF on June 8, 1942, the day after his 18th birthday. Creswell went overseas in the fall of 1943 and served as a Flight Officer with the 432 Sqdn. He was shot down and killed on his 15th mission on February 21, 1945. The collection consists of 95 letters, photographs, and other printed items.
Alfred Fern Nelson was born in Victoria, British Columbia in July, 1922 and served overseas with the Calgary Highlanders. Nelson was wounded in France in the summer of 1944 and then taken prisoner in the fall of 1944. He remained a prisoner of war in Germany until the end of the war. The collection consist of more than thirty letters.
Vaughan Whitier Pearson was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1898 and was a student at The University of Toronto when he enlisted in April, 1916. He served overseas in France until the end of the war. Vaughan Pearson was the third of three sons to serve overseas, following his brothers Marmaduke and Lester, a future Prime Minister of Canada. The collection consists of six letters from Vaughan, a post card, a Christmas card, a newspaper clipping, and one photograph.
William MacKinnon was born in Scotland in June, 1886. He emigrated around 1912 to Canada and enlisted in Edmonton, Alberta in December, 1914. MacKinnon served overseas with the 31st Battalion until his death on November 7, 1915. The collection currently consists of one letter. See also the collections of his nephews Ronald and Archibald MacKinnon.
William Henry Bell was born in Chatham, Ontario in 1897 and moved to Innisfree, Alberta to farm with his family. Bell enlisted at Vegreville, Alberta in February, 1916 with the 151st Battalion. He was killed at Vimy Ridge, April 10, 1917. The collection consists of twenty letters and one poem.
Albert Playfoot was born in Kent, England in June, 1894. He emigrated to Canada prior to the war and enlisted with the 70th Battalion in October, 1915 and served overseas in France with the 58th Battalion until his demobilization in 1919. The collection currently consists of two photographs and his discharge certificate.
John Sinclair Matthews was born on Prince Edward Island in October, 1897 and sometime prior to the war he and his family moved to Chatham, New Brunswick. Matthews enlisted in Toronto, Ontario in November, 1916. He served overseas in France and Belgium, and was killed at Passchendaele on October 31, 1917. The collection consists of two letters, a greeting card, and two pages of his pay record.
Wilfred Edgar Hawkes was born in England in 1889. Sometime later he emigrated to Canada and enlisted at Vernon, British Columbia in August, 1915. The collection constist of two letters written to his young nephew Jack, in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1916.
Albert Henry Fereday served with the 1st Battalion Prince of Wales Own Civil Service Rifles. He was killed August 22, 1918, at the age of 18. He has no known grave and is commemorated by name on Panel 10 on the Vis-en-Artois Memorial, Haucourt, France. The memorial stands in the grounds of Vis-en-Artois British Cemetery and bears the names of over 9,000 men who have no known grave. This collection consists of more than one hundred letters sent by Pte. Albert Henry Fereday. The letters have been transcribed by, and are used with the kind permission of, Anthony Fereday, the nephew of Albert Fereday. These materials are part of the non-Canadian section of this project
Frank Skeet was born in Yorkshire, England in October, 1897. Skeet enlisted with the 226th Battalion in Swan River, Manitoba in January, 1916. He served overseas with the 16th Battalion until his death in August, 1918. The collection currently consists of more than seventy letters written by Skeet.
Albert Norman Gould was born on July 19, 1923, the son of Albert and Dorothy Gould of Toronto, Ontario. He enlisted with the RCAF in early 1943. Following his training in Canada, Pilot Officer Gould was posted overseas in 1944. Gould was flying with the 101st Squadron when he and his crew were shot down over Speck, Germany on November 4, 1944. He and his crew are buried at the Rheinberg War Cemetery in Germany. The collection currently consists of thirty-seven letters.
William Edward Grassie was born in Smithville, Ontario in 1893 and was a student at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario when he enlisted in March, 1916. He returned to Canada at the end of the war and taught high school in Port Credit, Ontario. The collection consists of two letters written to his friend Helen Davis. Other correspondents to Davis include the Daniel Austin Lane Collection, the Gordon Shrum Collection, and the Fred Nickle Collection.
William Menzies McLeish was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1891. He emigrated to Canada sometime prior to World War One, where he lived in St. Verdun, Quebec and worked as a clerk. McLeish enlisted in September, 1914, served overseas, and was taken prisoner sometime prior to December, 1917, based on information in a Red Cross Letter. He remained a prisoner of war for the duration until repatriated back to England. The collection consists of one letter from the Red Cross, photographs from England, and photographs and musical programs from the prisoner of war camp.
Daniel James Sweeney was born in London, England in September, 1896. Sometime prior to the war he emigrated to Canada and worked as a labourer in Ontario. Sweeney enlisted in Cobourg, Ontario in June, 1915. He survived the war but unfortunately nothing else is known about him. The collection consists of one photograph of Sweeney and others (seated, left) taken in 1915.
James Orian Aitken was born in Treherne, Manitoba in August, 1895. He was working as a school teacher when he enlisted in November, 1916 in Winnipeg, Manitoba with the 76th Battalion. The collection currently consists of one photograph.